Charles II was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was King of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and King of England, Scotland and Ireland from the 1660 Restoration of the monarchy until his death in 1685.
When King Charles II returned to England in 1660 to reclaim the throne, he brought his love for French fashion with him. Yet just six years later and England at war with France, Charles decided to reform English male dress to end the dominance of French clothing at court. He introduced the vest, which was worn with a coat and breeches and marked the beginning of the three-piece suit, while ending the male tradition of wearing doublet and hose.
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